Matti Rautio (1922-1986) was a composer and a teacher and brother of Erkki and Paavo Rautio. He studied at the University of Helsinki, graduating in 1945, and was taught composition at the Sibelius Academy by Leevi Madetoja and Aarre Merikanto.
Rautio worked as a librarian, piano teacher and lecturer in folk music at the University of Tampere. As an editor of educational music, he chaired the Association of Finnish Music Teachers for ten years in 1961-71. Rautio was Aarre Merikanto’s only pupil to remain faithful to Neo-Classicism. His best-known work, the Divertimento for cello and orchestra (1955), displays his characteristic humour in the cancan.
Fennica Gehrman publishes Rautio's Divertimento No. 1 and No. 2 for Cello as well as his Concerto for Piano and Orchestra.